AskDefine | Define Adamite

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology 1

Noun

  1. A descendant of Adam; a human being.
  2. One of a sect of visionaries, who, professing to imitate the state of Adam, discarded the use of dress in their assemblies.

Etymology 2

Named after French mineralogist Gilbert Joseph Adam (1795-1881) in 1866.

Noun

adamite
Translations
Mineral

References

Extensive Definition

This article is about the mineral, for the religious sect see Adamites.
Adamite is a zinc arsenate hydroxide mineral, Zn2AsO4OH. It is a mineral that typically occurs in the oxidized or weathered zone above zinc ore occurrences. Adamite is usually yellow in color, but tints of green occur due to inclusion of copper substitutions in the mineral structure. Olivenite is a copper arsenate that is isostructural with adamite and there is considerable substitution between zinc and copper resulting in an intermediate called cuproadamite. Manganese, cobalt, and nickel also substitute in the structure. An analogous zinc phosphate, tarbuttite, is known.
The yellow to bright lime-green colored crystals and druze along with its distinctive fluorescence make adamite a favorite among mineral collectors. Found in Mapimi, Mexico; Greece; and California and Utah in the United States.
Adamite was named after the French mineralogist Gilbert Joseph Adam (1795-1881). The type locality is in the Atacama Desert in Chile.
Adamite in Catalan: Adamita
Adamite in German: Adamin
Adamite in Estonian: Adamiit
Adamite in Spanish: Adamita
Adamite in French: Adamite (minéral)
Adamite in Italian: Adamite
Adamite in Latvian: Adamīns
Adamite in Dutch: Adamiet
Adamite in Japanese: アダマイト
Adamite in Low German: Adamin
Adamite in Polish: Adamin
Adamite in Portuguese: Adamite
Adamite in Russian: Адамин
Adamite in Simple English: Adamite
Adamite in Slovak: Adamit
Adamite in Swedish: Adamit
Adamite in Ukrainian: Адамін
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